Il Segretariato internazionale di Amnesty International pubblica rapporti dettagliati su temi e paesi di nostro interesse. Sovente questi documenti sono di supporto a campagne internazionali promosse dal nostro movimento e hanno il duplice obiettivo di raggiungere gli attori politici, militari, religiosi e diplomatici coinvolti e contemporaneamente, fornendo materiale completo e verificato, di stimolare l’azione dell’opinione pubblica anche tramite una esaustiva informazione da parte dei media mondiali.
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Sri Lanka: From bad to worse: Rights under attack during Sri Lanka’s economic crisis
May 6, 2022
People in Sri Lanka are facing a catastrophic economic crisis. They are experiencing severe shortages in essential medicines, cooking gas and food items, with fuel shortages prompting power outages of up to 13 hours a day while sky-high inflation has sharply increased the cost of living. The rights to education, health and adequate standard of living are all affected, forcing thousands out on to the streets in protest, demanding the resignation of the president and the prime minister. The Sri Lankan government must protect the human rights of everyone and ensure an enabling environment for peacefully expressing dissent.
Ukraine: “He’s not coming back”. War crimes in Northwest areas of Kyiv Oblast
May 6, 2022
This briefing provides compelling evidence of Russian war crimes committed in February and March 2022 in towns and villages northwest of Kyiv, during Russian forces’ unsuccessful advance on the capital.
MALI: Crimes without convictions: Analysis of the judicial response to conflict related crimes in central Mali
April 13, 2022
Mali has been grappling with an internal armed conflict for 10 years. Initially pitting the Malian army against secessionist movements in the north allied with Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM)-affiliated groups.
Since 2018, the Malian authorities have repeatedly pledged to fight impunity and address the rights of victims and their families to justice. Despite these commitments, the course of justice remains slow, frustrating victims and their families, and reinforcing impunity.
This report takes stock of Mali’s judicial response to conflict-related crimes committed since 2018 in the central regions of the country.
IRAN: in death’s waiting room: deaths in custody following deliberate denial of medical care in Iran’s prisons
April 12, 2022
This briefing documents how Iranian officials are committing shocking violations of the right to life by deliberately denying ailing prisoners lifesaving healthcare and refusing to investigate and ensure accountability for unlawful deaths in custody.
The briefing details the circumstances surrounding the deaths in custody of 92 men and four women in 30 prisons in 18 provinces across Iran since 2010.
PHILIPPINES 2022 Elections: 8-point human rights agenda for candidates
April 6, 2022
Through this eight-point agenda, Amnesty International urges the candidates running in the May 2022 Philippine elections to ensure that the protection and promotion of human rights is a core part of their plans for the country. Amnesty International puts forward key human rights issues and offers recommendations so that the Philippines may meet its obligations under international human rights law.
The organization calls upon all election candidates to commit to putting human rights at the centre of their plans, including by pledging to uphold the recommendations below and addressing human rights explicitly in their campaigns.
Commitment to human rights must be visible in the candidates’ plans of action so Filipinos are aware of candidates’ stance on this issue before they cast their vote.
ETHIOPIA: “We will erase you from this land”: Crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing in Ethiopia’s western region
April 6, 2022
Goitom, a 42-year-old ethnic Tigrayan farmer, lived in Adi Goshu, a town in Western Tigray, a large and fertile district known for growing sesame, sorghum, and cotton in Ethiopia’s northern Tigray region.
On January 17, 2021, he watched helplessly from his home as Amhara Special Forces and local militias beat up and detained Tigrayans in his town.
Tigrayans had already faced months of intimidation by local authorities and Amhara security forces, and so Goitom ran to a nearby forest to escape the latest onslaught until the situation subsided.
Amnesty International Report 2021/22: the state of the world’s human rights
March 29, 2022
The Amnesty International Report 2021/22 highlights the human rights situation in 154 countries in 2021.
It presents Amnesty International’s documented concerns and recommendations for governments and others. From a human rights perspective, 2021 was largely a story of betrayal and hypocrisy in the corridors of power.
But hopes for a better post-pandemic world were kept alive by courageous individuals, social movements and civil society organizations. Their efforts and limited hard-won victories should prompt governments to live up to their promises.
Ukraine: Humanitarian Catastrophe in Izium. The Plight of Civilians under Bombardment and Siege-like Conditions
March 22, 2022
On 24 February, the Russian armed forces began an open invasion of Ukraine, which Amnesty International considers an act of aggression.
One situation emblematic of the plight of civilians living under siege-like conditions is that of Izium, a small town with population of around 56,000 people in Kharkiv Region in eastern Ukraine. Izium has not made it into the main news headlines, yet for over two weeks the town has been on the edge of a humanitarian catastrophe.
Index Number: EUR 50/5382/2022
Indonesia: Gold Rush: Indonesia’s mining plans risk fueling abuses in Papua
March 21, 2022
The Indonesian government plans to exploit Wabu Block, a large gold ore deposit in Intan Jaya regency, Papua province. Over the last two years this region has become a hotspot for conflict and repression.
This briefing documents an increased presence of security forces in Intan Jaya regency, accompanied by unlawful killings, raids and beatings.
Indigenous Papuans also reported facing restrictions to carry out daily activities. Amnesty International is concerned about the potential human rights impacts of mining in Wabu Block in the context of the existing conflict and repression in Intan Jaya.
Index Number: ASA 21/5257/2022
Still No Answers: an update on the rights of victims of enforced disappearances in Sri Lanka
March 1, 2022
Victims of human rights violations in the context of the war and its aftermath, bravely continuing their quest for answers, as well as organisations working on enforced disappearances, now face a new dimension of rights violations.
This time the state actors are interfering with their freedom of peaceful assembly, expression and association as well as their right to liberty and security of person, including the protection against arbitrary detention.
Index Number: ASA 37/5278/2022
Ethiopia: Summary killings, rape and looting by Tigrayan forces in Amhara
February 16, 2022
Tigrayan fighters affiliated with the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) deliberately killed civilians, raped and sexually assaulted women and girls, and looted homes, shops, schools and medical clinics in two localities they controlled for a period of several weeks last year in Ethiopia’s northern Amhara region. Amnesty International is calling on Tigrayan forces to put an immediate end to such violations, and to investigate and remove from its forces anyone suspected of involvement in such crimes. It is also urging the African Union to step up its engagement in the crisis, and the relevant United Nations bodies to send experts to the region to investigate the violations.
Index Number: AFR 25/5218/2022
Money Calls the Shots
February 14, 2022
In September 2021, Amnesty International published A Double Dose of Inequality, which assessed the extent to which the pharmaceutical industry was restricting access to Covid-19 vaccines. This report updates that assessment of five leading vaccine manufacturers, AstraZeneca plc, BioNTech SE, Johnson & Johnson, Moderna Inc., and Pfizer Inc. It also includes for the first time an assessment of the two largest Chinese vaccine producers, China National Pharmaceutical Group Co., Ltd. (Sinopharm) and Sinovac Biotech Ltd. (Sinovac).
Venezuela: Calculated repression: Correlation between stigmatization and politically motivated arbitrary detentions
February 10, 2022
In light of all the numerical evidence in this investigation, the organizations consider that the dependent relationship between the discriminatory narratives (stigmatization) and the human rights violations (arbitrary detentions and criminalization) could indicate the existence of the crime against humanity of persecution, for which the Venezuelan authorities, including those at the highest level, should be investigated to determine their criminal responsibility for these acts.
South Korea: 7-point human rights agenda for presidential candidates
February 8, 2022
Ahead of the 2022 Presidential election in the Republic of Korea (ROK), Amnesty International calls upon the presidential candidates to respect, protect, fulfill, and promote human rights for all. The presidential candidates should publicly commit to meeting ROK’s international human rights obligations.
Israel’s apartheid against Palestinians: Cruel system of domination and crime against humanity
February 1, 2022
Amnesty International has analysed Israel’s intent to create and maintain a system of oppression and domination over Palestinians and examined its key components: territorial fragmentation; segregation and control; dispossession of land and property; and denial of economic and social rights. It has concluded that this system amounts to apartheid. Israel must dismantle this cruel system and the international community must pressure it to do so. All those with jurisdiction over the crimes committed to maintain the system should investigate them.
‘Our Traditions Are Being Destroyed’: Illegal Logging, Repression, and Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Violations in Cambodia’s Protected Forests
January 28, 2022
Cambodia lost nearly 2.5 million hectares of tree cover between 2001 and 2020. Illegal logging in Cambodia is posing an existential threat to the country’s remaining primary forests. In addition to the well-documented threats which this poses to biodiversity and climate, it also entails severe consequences for Indigenous Peoples’ cultures and human rights.
This report documents how the actions of Cambodian authorities violate the rights of the Kuy people and how Cambodian authorities thwart the Kuy people in their efforts to protect the Prey Lang and Prey Preah Roka forests.
Ireland: “We live within a violent system.” Structural violence against sex workers in Ireland
January 25, 2022
This report, based on in-depth interviews with sex workers, experts and representatives of the Irish authorities, provides insights into sex workers’ human rights in Ireland, in particular their right to safety and freedom from violence. It shows that criminalization of aspects of sex work in Ireland has a “chilling effect” on sex workers’ exercise of their human rights, for instance by preventing them from working together in one apartment for safety. Amnesty International calls on the Irish authorities to listen to sex workers and decriminalize all aspects of sex work.
Afghanistan: No escape: War crimes and civilian harm during the fall of Afghanistan to the Taliban
December 15, 2021
The fall of Kabul to the Taliban on 15 August 2021 caught the world by surprise. As the Taliban gained control of new districts, war crimes followed. Ethnic and religious minorities and supporters of the former government were targeted for torture and execution. And the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces launched mortar attacks on homes, and conducted an air strike on a hospital, all of which killed civilians hiding in fear. The attacks investigated in this report represent a small and fractured glimpse into the suffering visited upon Afghans during the last stage of US intervention in the country.
Twitter Scorecard: Tracking Twitter’s progress in addressing violence and abuse against women online in the United States
December 7, 2021
The Twitter Scorecard grades the social media company’s record on implementing a series of recommendations to tackle abuse against women on the platform in the United States. Despite some welcome progress stemming from recommendations put forth in Amnesty’s 2020 Scorecard, Twitter needs to do much more to address the online abuse of women and/or marginalized groups. The company has fully implemented just one of the ten recommendations in the report, with limited progress in improving transparency around the content moderation process and appeals process.
Nigeria, a harrowing journey: Access to justice for women and girls survivors of rape.
November 17, 2021
Sexual violence is a worldwide crisis and Nigeria is not exempt from it. Over the years, there have been reports made public by individuals, civil society organisations and the media of widespread sexual violence. Following the lockdown during the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, there was an upsurge in reports of rape across Nigeria. These reports of rape triggered huge outcry and condemnation across the country. Survivors and their families, concerned citizens, civil society organisations, religious groups and other stakeholders continue to demand justice for survivors. This report documents barriers that women and girls survivors of rape face in accessing justice.
Madagascar: It will be too late to help us once we are dead
October 26, 2021
Southern Madagascar is in crisis. The southern region of the country, commonly referred to as Le Grand Sud (the Deep South) is currently experiencing its worst drought in 40 years, with more than a million people on the brink of famine and thousands more already facing catastrophic famine-like conditions.
Muzzled and unheard in the pandemic: Urgent need to address concerns of care and health workers in Italy
October 22, 2021
The briefing details how health and care workers in Italy who raised legitimate concerns about poor and unsafe working conditions in care homes during the COVID-19 pandemic were subjected to unfair disciplinary proceedings and feared recriminations from their employers.
Staff working in residential care homes during the pandemic and trade unions have raised serious concerns regarding unsafe and unhealthy working conditions, long shifts without adequate rest and inadequate labour inspections.
Amnesty calls on the Italian authorities to ensure that these workers’ voices are not silenced, but are heard instead.
Operating in the shadows: Investor risk from the private surveillance industry
October 21, 2021
Many states enhance their surveillance capabilities by buying spyware or other digital surveillance tools from surveillance companies. While governments claim to use these to fight crime and terrorism, many have used them to target human rights defenders, activists, journalists and members of civil society in violation of their internationally recognized human rights. Given the scale of disclosures revealed in the Pegasus Project, there is an urgent need for investors to assess risk of investments in the private surveillance industry. This briefing outlines the material risks, including reputational, financial, and legal risks facing companies and investors in this sector.
Silenced and misinformed: Freedom of expression in danger during Covid-19
October 19, 2021
The right to freedom of expression has been attacked globally in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic and increased the dangers posed by the public health crisis. Freedom of expression is vitally important because a free flow of accurate, evidence-based and timely information increases awareness about health risks and how to prevent and deal with them. However, governments have used the pandemic as a pretext to muzzle critical voices. Amnesty International is concerned that Covid-19 related restrictions are not just temporary measures but are part of an ongoing onslaught on human rights and civic space.
Sri Lanka: From burning houses to burning bodies: Anti-Muslim violence, discrimination and harassment in Sri Lanka
October 18, 2021
Sri Lanka’s Muslim community have faced incidents of violence, discrimination and harassment for decades. Most recently, since 2013, there have been consistent episodes, which have culminated in the adoption of government policies which expressly target the minority community. This is in addition to the misuse, and lack of amendment of domestic legislation to target and discriminate against Muslims. This report documents incidents where Muslims have been targeted, attacked and discriminated against, by various state and non-state actors.
Netherlands: Still no Safety: Venezuelans denied protection in Curaçao
October 11, 2021
Since Amnesty lnternational’s initials report in 2018, the rights of Venezuelans who have fled to Curaçao are still violated. They are automatically detained under inhumane conditions and deterred from seeking protection.
Amnesty International is calling on the government of Curaçao to ensure that all foreigners in need of protection can access the protection procedure and that no person is deported to a place where they are at risk of serious human rights violations. The organization calls on the government of the Netherlands to ensure that human rights are respected and protected in Curaçao and with other forms of cooperation.
2021 World Day Against the Death Penalty: The additional burden of the death penalty on women
October 8, 2021
10 October 2021 marks the 19th World Day Against the Death Penalty, dedicated to the impact of the death penalty on women. Many governments do not make publicly available figures on their use of the death penalty, but the limited information available suggests that in some countries women are disproportionately represented on death row for certain offences. Some women lacked effective protection against gender-based violence and other forms of discrimination before the crime was committed. For them, the death penalty has been the tip of the iceberg of the many injustices they have faced.
Togo: Hackers-for-hire in West Africa: Activist in Togo attacked with Indian-made spyware
October 7, 2021
Amnesty International has uncovered a targeted digital attack campaign against a Human Rights Defender (HRD) in Togo. The Amnesty International Security Lab investigation found that the spyware used in these attacks ties to an attacker group known as the Donot Team, previously connected to attacks in India and Pakistan among others. Amnesty International has identified links between the infrastructure used by Donot Team and an Indian cybersecurity company, Innefu Labs, which advertises digital security, data analytics, and predictive policing services to law enforcement and armed forces. This research highlights the threat “hacker-for-hire” attacks pose to HRDs and civil society globally.
Namibia: “We don’t feel well treated”: Tuberculosis and the Indigenous San peoples of Namibia
October 6, 2021
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that usually affects the lungs, though it can affect any organ in the body. It can develop when bacteria spread through droplets in the air. TB can be fatal, but in many cases, TB is preventable and treatable. This report examines the human rights impact of the prevalence of Tuberculosis (TB) and Multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) among the Indigenous San peoples of Namibia. Combining political economy and root-cause methodology, the report explores the socioeconomic factors that make the San vulnerable to TB and limit their access to adequate health services.
A double dose of inequality: Pharma companies and the Covid-19 vaccines crisis
September 22, 2021
The rapid development of effective Covid-19 vaccines in 2020 gave hope to the world in the darkest days of the deadly pandemic. However, the vaccine roll-out has been massively skewed towards wealthy nations. While rich states have hoarded vaccines, companies have also played a decisive role in restricting fair access to a life-saving health product. This report focuses on six leading vaccine developers, AstraZeneca, BioNTech, Johnson & Johnson, Moderna, Novavax and Pfizer, assessing each company’s human rights policy, pricing structure, records on intellectual property, knowledge and technology sharing, allocation of available vaccine doses and transparency.