Il programma Azioni Urgenti ha lo scopo di salvare persone che vivono situazioni di emergenza per quanto riguarda i Diritti Umani. Si tratta di un metodo di risposta rapida realizzato per proteggere individui la cui vita o integrità fisica è in pericolo.
CHI CERCHIAMO DI AIUTARE ?
Le Azioni Urgenti sono utilizzate per salvare prigionieri che vengono torturati o che corrono il rischio di esserlo, che hanno bisogno di cure mediche o che rischiano l’esecuzione capitale immediata. Vengono attivate nei momenti critici dei processi per tutelare prigionieri politici da trattamenti iniqui, per ritrovare persone “scomparse”, per aiutare richiedenti asilo che, se rinviati al loro paese, rischiano di subire violazioni dei Diritti Umani.
COME FUNZIONA IL SISTEMA AZIONI URGENTI
La velocità è vitale. Amnesty International, rilasciando un’Azione Urgente, attiva una rete mondiale di attivisti che inviano messaggi in tempo reale al Governo target. La scheda dell’Azione Urgente contiene tutte le informazioni necessarie: la situazione dettagliata, il testo consigliato per l’appello, gli indirizzi ai quali inviare l’appello e il tempo limite entro il quale concludere l’azione. Sovente si tratta di indirizzi mail e quindi il processo di invio è semplice, economico e richiede un tempo minimo.
COSA PUOI FARE
Su questa pagina, qui di seguito, puoi trovare alcune Azioni Urgenti rilasciate in questi giorni dalla nostra Organizzazione. Partecipa anche tu: leggi le informazioni e poi invia l’appello. Avvisaci tempestivamente con una mail nel caso ti pervenisse una risposta dalle autorità target.
SCRIVI UNA LETTERA, SALVA UNA VITA
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO: Stanis Bujakera
On 25 September, the High Court in Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of Congo’s capital, rejected detained journalist Stanis Bujakera’s bail application. Stanis Bujakera was arbitrarily arrested on 8 September at N’djili Airport in Kinshasa as he was about to board a flight to the city of Lubumbashi. He was unlawfully detained for three days before being placed under provisional detention on 11 September. His mobile phones and computer were seized and searched without a warrant. The DRC authorities have charged him with “spreading rumours” and “disseminating fake news” in relation to an article they allege he authored. Amnesty International believes Stanis Bujakera is being persecuted for his journalistic work. He must be immediately and unconditionally released.
BAHREIN: Abdulhadi al-Khawaja
Bahraini-Danish human rights defender and prisoner of conscience Abdulhadi Al-Khawaja reinstated his fasting protest on 21 September 2023 after prison authorities reneged on their promises including to transport him and other prisoners to those appointments without handcuffs and in a regular vehicle. His health remains critical due to his cardiac condition which has led to three emergency visits to hospital. He began his fast on 9 August to protest his continued denial of access to medical care and in solidarity with hundreds of prisoners in Jaw Prison.
IRAN: Abbas Deris
Protester Abbas Deris is at risk of execution in relation to the November 2019 nationwide protests in Iran. On 4 July 2023, his lawyer publicly stated that the Supreme Court had upheld Abbas Deris’ conviction and death sentence for “enmity against God” (moharebeh).
In late October 2022, a Revolutionary Court in Mahshahr sentenced Abbas Deris to death following a grossly unfair trial marred by “confessions” aired on state television weeks after arrest.
Abbas Deris’ request for judicial review remains pending before the Supreme Court.
ALGERIA: Slimane Bouhafs
On 4 July, a court of appeal in Algiers confirmed the sentencing of Amazigh activist Slimane Bouhafs to three years in prison and a 100,000DA (around USD 734) fine. Slimane Bouhafs had been granted refugee status in Tunisia in 2020.
However, this did not protect him from being kidnapped from his home in Tunis and tried on charges of terrorism for his supposed affiliations to a Kabylie independence organisation in September 2021 and since held in Kolea prison, near to Algiers. Not only are the charges against Slimane Bouhafs bogus, but his entire trial is illegal under international human rights law. He must be released immediately and all charges against him dropped.
ARGENTINA: Alberto Nallar
Alberto Nallar, a human rights lawyer who took an active role during the protests in Jujuy Province that began on June 15, was released on August 18th, after spending more than one month under house arrest.
He is still being charged with the crime of sedition.
GUATEMALA: Claudia González Orellana
On 28th August 2023, Guatemalan lawyer and human rights defender, Claudia González Orellana was arrested at her home after a judge issued a questionable arrest warrant against her.
Claudia is a former CICIG official – a UN anti-corruption mechanism that operated in Guatemala until 2019 – and whose former officials have faced widespread persecution.
Claudia’s arrest represents a clear attempt to silence her, and all those fighting for justice and human rights in Guatemala.
Amnesty International calls on Guatemala’s Public Prosecutor’s Office to immediately and impartially review the charges against Claudia and guarantee her human rights at all stages of this process.
BANGLADESH: Khadijatul Kubra
Khadijatul Kubra was a 17-year-old meritorious student at Jagannath University in Dhaka, Bangladesh, when she hosted a webinar from an online talk show called “Humanity for Bangladesh”. A guest speaker, formerly a Bangladeshi army official now based in Canada, criticised the government during the webinar. As a result, Khadija and the guest speaker were prosecuted under the Digital Security Act (DSA). Khadija was arrested on 27 August 2022 and has been held without charges, despite her medical conditions. Khadija must be released immediately.
CUBA: Maykel Castillo Pérez
Maykel Castillo Pérez, meglio noto come “Maykel Osorbo” è un musicista rapper cubano, prigioniero di coscienza. Il 18 maggio 2021, gli agenti della sicurezza statale lo hanno arrestato nella sua casa. Nel giugno 2022 è stato condannato a nove anni di carcere. Dall’aprile 2023, ci sono giunte notizie che indicano che è stato minacciato da altri detenuti e che le autorità non sono intervenute per garantire la sua sicurezza.
BURUNDI: Floriane Irangabiye
On 2 May, the Court of Appeal of Mukaza in Bujumbura, Burundi, upheld the conviction of Burundian journalist Floriane Irangabiye for “undermining the integrity of the national territory”. Floriane Irangabiye has a long-standing medical condition and her health has deteriorated while in detention in Muyinga Prison.
In May 2023, a formal request was submitted to the Ministry of Justice for her to be transferred back to Bujumbura, where she would be closer to her family and receive the necessary medical care.
She has been in detention since her arrest in August 2022 and was convicted in violation to her right to freedom of expression.
Israel/Occupied Palestinian Territories: Walid Daqqah
Walid Daqqah is a terminally ill Palestinian prisoner who was diagnosed with a rare case of bone marrow cancer. His health condition has been exacerbated by numerous instances of medical neglect in prison. In March, he completed a 37-year sentence for his involvement with an armed group that had abducted and killed an Israeli soldier in 1984. However, in 2018, an Israeli court sentenced him to a further two years in prison, delaying his release until March 2025, a date which he may not live to see. On 7 August, the Israeli District court rejected his petition for early release on medical grounds. The Israeli authorities must immediately release Walid Daqqah on humanitarian grounds and allow him to spend his remaining time with his family.
EGYPT: Alaa Abdel Fattah
Egyptian-British prominent activist Alaa Abdel Fattah remains arbitrarily detained in Wadi al-Natrun prison and denied access to consular visits. Human rights lawyer Mohamed Baker was arrested on 29 September 2019 from the Supreme State Security Prosecution’s office where he went to represent Alaa Abdel Fattah who had been arrested earlier that day. Both had been subjected to a litany of human rights violations including prolonged arbitrary detention, unfair trial, torture and other ill-treatment, and periodic bans on family visits. Alaa Abdel Fattah should be immediately and unconditionally released as his detention is solely linked to the peaceful exercise of his human rights.