Le Azioni Urgenti

Il programma Azioni Urgenti ha lo scopo di salvare persone che vivono situazioni di emergenza per quanto riguarda i Diritti Umani. Si tratta di un metodo di risposta rapida realizzato per proteggere individui la cui vita o integrità fisica è in pericolo.

CHI CERCHIAMO DI AIUTARE ?

Le Azioni Urgenti sono utilizzate per salvare prigionieri che vengono torturati o che corrono il rischio di esserlo, che hanno bisogno di cure mediche o che rischiano l’esecuzione capitale immediata. Vengono attivate nei momenti critici dei processi per tutelare prigionieri politici da trattamenti iniqui, per ritrovare persone “scomparse”, per aiutare richiedenti asilo che, se rinviati al loro paese, rischiano di subire violazioni dei Diritti Umani.

COME FUNZIONA IL SISTEMA AZIONI URGENTI

La velocità è vitale. Amnesty International, rilasciando un’Azione Urgente, attiva una rete mondiale di attivisti che inviano messaggi in tempo reale al Governo target. La scheda dell’Azione Urgente contiene tutte le informazioni necessarie: la situazione dettagliata, il testo consigliato per l’appello, gli indirizzi ai quali inviare l’appello e il tempo limite entro il quale concludere l’azione. Sovente si tratta di indirizzi mail e quindi il processo di invio è semplice, economico e richiede un tempo minimo.

COSA PUOI FARE

Su questa pagina, qui di seguito, puoi trovare alcune Azioni Urgenti rilasciate in questi giorni dalla nostra Organizzazione. Partecipa anche tu: leggi le informazioni e poi invia l’appello. Avvisaci tempestivamente con una mail nel caso ti pervenisse una risposta dalle autorità target.

SCRIVI UNA LETTERA, SALVA UNA VITA


IRAN: Ahmadreza Djalali

Tortured Swedish-Iranian academic Ahmadreza Djalali, arbitrarily detained in Tehran’s Evin prison, is at risk of imminent execution according to multiple Iranian state media reports that his death sentence for “corruption on earth” (efsad-e fel-arz) will be carried out by 21 May 2022 at the latest.
He was sentenced to death in 2017 following a grossly unfair trial that relied on torture-tainted “confessions.” The authorities must halt any plans to execute him and release him immediately.


TUNISIA: Abderazzak Kilani

Prominent lawyer and former president of the Tunisian Bar Association Abderazzak Kilani will appear before the Military Court of First Instance in Tunis on 12 May. On 2 January 2022, security forces prevented him from exercising his duties as a lawyer by not allowing him to visit his arbitrarily detained client, former Justice Minister Noureddine Bhiri. He is prosecuted on the basis of a “verbal exchange” with police officers following that incident. He faces up to six years imprisonment if convicted. His trial is a dangerous precedent and an assault on fair trial rights in Tunisia. Amnesty International calls on the authorities to drop the baseless charges against him and stop prosecuting civilians before military courts.


GAMBIA: Madi Jobarteh

During his annual meeting with the Banjul Muslim Elders for Koriteh at the State House on 2 May 2022, President Adama Barrow accused human rights defender Madi Jobarteh of being a “troublemaker” who wants to bring violence into the country. It is believed that this assertion was made in relation to a recent social media post that Madi Jobarteh made calling for the removal of a government minister, due to alleged mismanagement of public lands. Such statements by the President put Madi Jobarteh’s safety at risk, and fundamentally undermines the right to freedom of expression in Gambia.


HONG KONG: Chow Hang-tung

Human rights lawyer and China’s labour rights advocate Chow Hang-tung was charged for “inciting subversion” under the new National Security Law on 9 September 2021 and faces potential 10 years’ imprisonment. At the time of being charged, she was the vice-chair of the Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements of China (the Alliance), the organizer of the annual Hong Kong vigil commemorating the 1989 Tiananmen crackdown since 1990. Chow Hang-tung was exercising her fundamental human right of freedom of expression through peaceful means, and charges against her must be dropped and they must be released immediately.


IRAN: Ebrahim Babaei

Political activist Ebrahim Babaei was forcibly disappeared by Iranian authorities amidst his efforts to flee Iran on 21 December 2021 to escape unjust sentences consisting of imprisonment and flogging.

His fate and whereabouts remain concealed from his family and he is at risk of torture and other ill-treatment.


CHINA: Huang Qi

Huang Qi, founder and director of Sichuan-based human rights website “64 Tianwang”, has had no access to his family since 2020, and his health has significantly deteriorated and is at risk of worsening further. It has been reported that Huang has not been able to access proper medical care recently especially during the period when the pandemic has intensified in China. He has also been unable to access the account where his friends and family deposited money for him to purchase additional supplies. Detained since 2016, Huang was able to see his mother only once on 17 September 2020 through a video call. The authorities must ensure that Huang has access to immediate and proper medical care and allow him to speak with his family and lawyers of his choice.


MOROCCO: Mohamed Lamine Haddi

On 15, 17, 18 and 21 March, five prison guards entered the cell of Sahrawi activist Mohamed Lamine Haddi, beat him with batons and cut his beard against his will. This came after he declared his intention to go on hunger strike to protest his prison conditions and denial of medical attention. Visits by his lawyer and family have been banned since March 2020. He has been held in solitary confinement since 2017, when he was sentenced to 25 years imprisonment in the unfair “Gdeim Izik” mass trial.


ALGERIA: Merzoug Touati

Algerian journalist, Merzoug Touati, sentenced to one year in prison and a fine for Facebook posts denouncing deplorable prison conditions of another detained activist, started a hunger strike on 29 March to protest his detention conditions and demand a transfer to a prison close to his official residence in Bejaia, Algeria. As the prison administration disregarded his hunger strike, Merzoug Touati did not receive any medical care until suffering sharp kidney pain which required his transfer to a hospital. His health has significantly deteriorated according to reports from his family. He must be released immediately and unconditionally.


MOROCCO/WESTERN SAHARA: Sultana Khaya

Sultana Khaya, an activist for Sahrawis’ right to self-determination and her family have been under a de facto house arrest since November 2020. Security forces surrounding their home repeatedly and violently forced Sultana Khaya and her sister Luaara back inside their house when they attempt to leave. Security forces have also broken into their homes on several occasions, physically assaulting and raping the sisters. On 16 March, a group of American activists successfully accessed Sultana Khaya’s house but refrained from disclosing details of the visit for security reasons. While conditions of the house arrest were recently eased, police presence around Sultana Khaya’s house have not been completely lifted.


KAZAKHSTAN: Zhanbolat Mamay

Zhanbolat Mamay, journalist and leader of the unregistered opposition Democratic Party of Kazakhstan was kept in custody as a criminal suspect after already wrongfully spending 15 days in “administrative detention” for peaceful protest. On March 14 a court remanded him in custody for two months during the investigation on charges of insulting a government representative (Criminal Code, Article 378) and spreading false information (Article 274). Amnesty International believes this prosecution is politically motivated and Mamay should be immediately released from detention and the charges dropped.


POLAND: Justyna Wydrzyńska

Woman human rights defender, Justyna Wydrzyńska, faces three years in prison solely for supporting people in need of an abortion. Charges against her appear to be intended to punish her activism and efforts to ensure people’s rights to access safe and legal abortion in Poland. The Polish authorities must drop all charges against Justyna, refrain from further reprisals against her or other activists campaigning for sexual and reproductive rights, and fully decriminalise access to abortion in Poland.


EGYPT: Hanin Hossam and Mawada el-Adham

Egyptian women social media influencers Hanin Hossam and Mawada el-Adham have been arbitrarily detained since Cairo’s Criminal Court convicted them for inciting “indecent” content, human trafficking, and other bogus charges, in June 2021 and sentenced them to lengthy prison terms. Mawada el-Adham’s appeal against her ruling is pending. Hanin Hossam is currently being retried, as provided by Egyptian law for those convicted in their absence. They must be immediately released, as they are being punished solely for peacefully exercising their human rights.


SLOVENIA: Jaša Jenull

Slovenian theatre director Jaša Jenull is facing exorbitant claims to cover the costs associated with policing protests he joined in 2020 against restrictions on the rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly imposed in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic. Claims for compensation and lawsuits against Jaša Jenull and other peaceful protesters are punitive in nature and aimed at silencing people exercising their human rights. Requiring participants to pay for the costs of policing is a violation of the right to freedom of peaceful assembly. The Slovenian authorities must withdraw their claims for compensation and refrain from imposing penalties against peaceful protesters.