Le Azioni Urgenti

Il programma Azioni Urgenti ha lo scopo di salvare persone che vivono situazioni di emergenza per quanto riguarda i Diritti Umani. Si tratta di un metodo di risposta rapida realizzato per proteggere individui la cui vita o integrità fisica è in pericolo.


Le Azioni Urgenti sono utilizzate per salvare prigionieri che vengono torturati o che corrono il rischio di esserlo, che hanno bisogno di cure mediche o che rischiano l’esecuzione capitale immediata. Vengono attivate nei momenti critici dei processi per tutelare prigionieri politici da trattamenti iniqui, per ritrovare persone “scomparse”, per aiutare richiedenti asilo che, se rinviati al loro paese, rischiano di subire violazioni dei Diritti Umani.


La velocità è vitale. Amnesty International, rilasciando un’Azione Urgente, attiva una rete mondiale di attivisti che inviano messaggi in tempo reale al Governo target. La scheda dell’Azione Urgente contiene tutte le informazioni necessarie: la situazione dettagliata, il testo consigliato per l’appello, gli indirizzi ai quali inviare l’appello e il tempo limite entro il quale concludere l’azione. Sovente si tratta di indirizzi mail e quindi il processo di invio è semplice, economico e richiede un tempo minimo.


Su questa pagina, qui di seguito, puoi trovare alcune Azioni Urgenti rilasciate in questi giorni dalla nostra Organizzazione. Partecipa anche tu: leggi le informazioni e poi invia l’appello. Avvisaci tempestivamente con una mail nel caso ti pervenisse una risposta dalle autorità target.


BELARUS: Marfa Rabkova

Marfa Rabkova is a Belarusian human rights defender and the coordinator of the volunteer network of the NGO Viasna. She has been in pretrial detention since September 2020 and risks a lengthy jail sentence simply for her legitimate human rights work. Despite worrying symptoms and a deterioration of her health, the prison authorities have been denying her requests for medical care for months, including urgent dental treatment.

CHINA: Zhang Zhan

Citizen journalist Zhang Zhan, who has been on partial hunger strike in protest of her incarceration, is at grave risk of death and her family do not expect her to live through the winter if she is not released on medical grounds. Her family learned on 14 October, through a video call that was cut short by the authorities, that Zhang Zhan had again been restrained for 11 days to prevent the removal of her feeding tube. An intervention that violates the absolute prohibition of torture and other ill-treatment while in detention. The Chinese government must release Zhang Zhan immediately so that she can end her partial hunger strike and receive the appropriate medical treatment she so desperately needs to stay alive.

RUSSIA: Lilia Chanysheva

Activist Lilia Chanysheva was arrested on 9 November and put in pretrial detention the next day on charges of “establishing or leading an extremist association”, for her role as former regional coordinator of “Navalny’s headquarters” in Ufa, a city in central Russia. Lilia Chanysheva has committed no crime and the charges she faces, which carry up to 10 years in prison, are politically motivated and part of the Russian authorities’ crackdown on Aleksei Navalny’s associates and supporters. She must be released immediately.

MADAGASCAR: Ravo Ramasomanana

Ravo Ramasomanana, a former employee of the Ministry of Public Health, is facing imprisonment of up to 5 years for threatening public order and security and inciting political unrest and hate after posting a video on social media in April 2021 implicating the Ministry of Public Health in corruption allegations. He has disclosed information of public interest. Such disclosures are protected under the rights to information and freedom of expression. The authorities must immediately drop all charges against Ravo Ramasomanana and ensure he is able to freely exercise his right to freedom of expression without any reprisals.

ALGERIA: Mohad Gasmi

On 17 October, the First-Instance Tribunal of Adrar, a city 1400 km south west of Algiers, the Algerian capital, convicted environmental activist Mohad Gasmi to five years in prison for “glorification of terrorism” for a Facebook publication in which he blamed the Algerian authorities for the radicalization of a well-known militant. Mohad Gasmi has been detained since 8 June 2020 in a detention facility in Adrar. The authorities must quash his conviction and grant his immediate release.

TUNISIA: Badr Baabou

Badr Baabou, a human rights defender and LGBTI rights activist, was violently assaulted by police officers on the night of 21 October 2021 in downtown Tunis. Security forces have been targeting Badr Baabou for his work and activism in promoting the rights and freedoms of LGBTI people in Tunisia. This attack is the latest in a long series that spans several years. Several complaints have been filed but to no avail. The authorities must conduct an investigation into the attack, bringing those responsible to account.

EGYPT: Patrick George Zaki

Human rights defender Patrick George Zaki was referred to trial by the Emergency State Security Court on charges of spreading “false news”, based on an article he wrote describing the discrimination faced by Coptic Christians in Egypt. If convicted, he faces up to five years’ imprisonment. Patrick George Zaki is a prisoner of conscience who must be immediately and unconditionally released as he is held solely for exercising his right to freedom of expression.

LIBYA: Mansour Atti

Armed men abducted Mansour Atti, a journalist, blogger and head of the Red Crescent Committee and of the Civil Society Commission in Ajdabiya, on 3 June 2021 near his workplace in Ajdabiya, in northeastern Libya. Since then, his family have received no information about his fate and whereabouts, amid credible reports that he is being held by an armed group in eastern Libya. Prior to his abduction, Mansour Attia had been subjected to repeated questioning about his activism by the Internal Security Agency-Ajdabiya, an armed group affiliated to the Libyan Arab Armed Forces (LAAF), a powerful armed group in de facto control of eastern Libya.

USA: Steven Donziger

On 1 October, Steven Donziger, a lawyer and environmental rights defender who successfully represented victims of oil dumping in Ecuador, was sentenced to six months in prison on a politically motivated ‘contempt of court’ charge. He has already spent more than two years under house arrest in a process that United Nations experts found lacks any legal basis and is in violation of numerous fair trial standards. The UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention found that his detention is in retaliation for his work as a lawyer for the Indigenous communities in Ecuador. He must be released immediately and unconditionally.

China: Xu Zhiyong

Prominent legal scholar and human rights defender Xu Zhiyong has been formally indicted for “subversion of state power”. Detained since February 2020, Xu has reported harsh conditions as well as incidents of torture and ill-treatment while in custody. Charged and detained solely for exercising his right to freedom of expression, Xu must be immediately released. Denied access to a lawyer for more than a year after he was first detained, there are grave concerns for his wellbeing as well as access to a fair trial.

USA: Leonard Peltier

Native American activist Leonard Peltier has been imprisoned in the USA for over 44 years, some of which was spent in solitary confinement, serving two life sentences for murder despite concerns over the fairness of his trial. He has always maintained his innocence. He is 76 years old and suffers from a number of chronic health ailments, including one that is potentially fatal. Leonard Peltier will not be eligible for parole again until 2024. His lawyers have submitted a new petition for clemency. President Biden must grant Leonard Peltier clemency on humanitarian grounds and as a matter of justice.

RUSSIAN FEDERATION: Aleksandr Gabyshev

On 23 September, the Supreme Court of Sakha (Yakutia), approved shaman Aleksandr Gabyshev’s confinement to a psychiatric hospital and forcible treatment. He was then transferred to a “specialized” guarded hospital in Novosibirsk, 4,850 kilometres away by road. The shaman has long faced persecution for publicly criticizing President Vladimir Putin, including repeated arbitrary arrests, humiliating searches, and psychiatric confinement.


Valentina Chupik, a recognized refugee and migrant rights defender, has been held in the transit lounge at Sheremetevo airport in Moscow since 25 September.
She has been told that she has been stripped of her refugee status, banned from Russia for 30 years, and is threatened with imminent forcible return to Uzbekistan.
She must be immediately released and allowed to remain in Russia so that she can continue her work.


Dr. Mohammed al-Khudari (83 years old) is suffering a deteriorating health condition while in detention, where he is being deprived of adequate medical treatment for his cancer.
On 8 August, the Specialized Criminal Court in Riyadh, sentenced Dr. Mohammed al-Khudari and his son Dr. Hani al-Khudari to lengthy prison sentences, in a mass trial marred by serious due process violations, including being denied adequate access to a lawyer.
Amnesty International urges the Saudi Arabian authorities to drop the charges against both men and release them. Pending their release, they must be granted immediate access to adequate medical care.


Talalelei Pauga is a vocal critic of the Samoan government’s policies and is known for protesting the former Samoan Prime Minister’s 2018 visit to Australia by presenting him with a pig’s head.
Accused of conspiring to assassinate the former Samoan Prime Minister, Amnesty International believes these charges are politically motivated and that Pauga will not receive a fair trial in Samoa.